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Wikipedia started on 15 January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. 


Larry Sanger

His name is Lawrence Sanger. He is an American software developer and is the cofounder of Wikipedia and the founder of citizendium. He grew up in anchorage, in Alaska. He is interested in philosophy and become a doctor in Ohio State University. He focus on the study of epistemology (the study of knowledge)

He have involved of online encyclopaedia projects. And then become the chief organizer of the of Wikipedia. He was Wikipedia’s early communication leader and the one who established many of the policies.

Sanger has taught philosophy at Ohio State University and was an early strategist for the expert-authored Encyclopaedia of Earth. He has worked on developing educational projects for individuals behind WatchKnowLearn. He has designed a web-based reading program named Reading Bear which aims to teach children how to read, and is starting a new crowdsourcing project named InfoBitt.

Sanger was born in Bellevue, Washington. When he was seven years old, the family moved to Anchorage, Alaska. His father was a marine biologist and his mother cared for the children. At an early age, he was interested in philosophical topics.

He graduated from high school in 1986 and went off to Reed College, majoring in philosophy. In college he became interested in the Internet and its publishing abilities. He set up a listserver as a medium for students and tutors to meet up for "expert tutoring" and "to act as a forum for discussion of tutorials, tutorial methods, and the possibility and merits of a voluntary, free network of individual tutors and students finding each other via the Internet for education outside the traditional university setting. He started and moderated a philosophy discussion list, the Association for Systematic Philosophy. Sanger wrote in 1994 a manifesto for the discussion group:


Wales started to play down Sanger's role in the founding of the project in 2005, a few years after Sanger left Wikipedia. In light of Wales view, Sanger posted on his personal webpage several links which supported his role as a co-founder. Sanger was identified as a co-founder of Wikipedia at least as early as September 2001. Wales identified himself in August 2002 as "co-founder" of Wikipedia. Sanger said "While I was organizing Wikipedia, Wales was in the background and focused on Bomis.com. Wales stated in 2005 that he had initially heard of the wiki concept in 2001 not from Sanger, but instead from Jeremy Rosenfeld. Wales stated in October 2001 that it was Larry.

Jimmy Wales

Jimmy Wales was born in Huntswille, Alabama, on August 7, 1966. His father called Jimmy is a store manager of a grocery. His mother called Doris and his grandmother called Erma, who ran the House of Learning which is a small private school inthe tradition of the one-room schoolhouse.

During an interview in 2005, Wales described his childhood private school as a "Montessori influenced philosophy of education," because his grandmother's school is where he "spent lots of hours poring over the Britannicas and World Book Encyclopedias". During the class, there were only four other children in Wales' grade, so the school grouped together the first through fourth grade students and the fith through eighth grade students. After eighth grade, Wales attended Randolph School, a university-prearatory school in Huntsville, graduationg at sixteen, Wales said that the school was expensive for his family, but that is what his family is like, believing that education is the start of a good life. He received his bachelor's degree in finance from Auburn University in 1986, he then entered the PhD finance program at the University of Alabama before leaving with a master's degree to enter the PhD finance program at Indiana University

On 1994, Wales and two of his other partners founded Boris, which is a web portal featuring user-generated webrings.

On the early 1990s, in an online meeting, Wales meet Larry Sanger and they start to discuss their ideas and debate on different topics. Eventually they became friends. A few years later, Wales decided to start an encyclopedia so he hired Larry Sanger who at that time was a doctoral student in the Ohio State University to be the encyclopedia's editor-in-chef. So on March 2000 they launched their first encyclopedia, The Nupedia, which is the predecessor of Wikipedia.

Wales married Kate Garvey in London on October 6, 2012. She is Tony Blair's former diary secretary that he met in Davos, Switzerland. It is his third marriage. Wales have two daughters: one whith his second wife and one with Garvey. At the age of twenty, Wales married Pamela Green, a co-worker at a grocery-store in Alabama. They divorced in 1993. He met his second wife, Christine Rohan, through a friedn in Chicago while she was working as a steel trader for Mitsubishi. The couple were married in Monroe County, Florida March 1997 and had a daghter before separating.

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